The Primates’ Meetings are one of the “four instruments of unity” which are widely mentioned in discussions of the Anglican Communion. They are the “youngest” of the four instruments having been mandated in 1978 and meeting for the first time in 1979. The complete list of four is as follows:
- the Archbishop of Canterbury
- the Lambeth Conference
- the Anglican Consultative Council
- the Primates’ Meeting.
The 1978 Lambeth Conference requested that meetings should be set up to enable regular consultation between the Primates of the Anglican Communion. The report from Section 3, “The Anglican Communion in the world-wide Church”, noted in its section D page 103, of the official report: “We have noted that there have very occasionally been meetings of the primates of all the Provinces. Since such meetings are important for a Communion which is both episcopally led and synodically governed, we hope that such meetings will be held more often, perhaps in connection with meetings of the ACC” 1 In a speech on “Authority in the Anglican Communion” made by the Most Rev. Donald Coggan, Archbishop of Canterbury, on 7 August 1978 at the Conference, Archbishop Coggan also mentioned these meetings in connection with the question of authority.
“I do not think there is a quick or easy answer to the question `Where is authority to be found?’ Nor do I think it is of the genius of Anglicanism to define too rigidly, though there is always, on the part of some of us, a craving for a rigid neatness. But I am coming to believe that the way forward in the coming year — and it may be a slow process — will be along two lines: first, to have meetings of the primates of the Communion reasonably often, for leisurely thought, prayer and deep consultation. There have been such meetings, but on very informal and rare bases. I believe they should be held perhaps as frequently as once in two years. But if that meeting not on some fairly regular basis is to be fruitful, those primates would have to come to such meetings well informed with a knowledge of the mind and will of their brothers whom they represent. Then they would be channels through which the voice of the member Churches would be heard, and real interchange of mind and will and heart could take place. That’s the first thing.
The second line, I think, on which we might well make progress would be to see to it that that body of primates, as they meet, should be in the very closest and most intimate contact with the Anglican Consultative Council” 2.
The Primates’ Meetings are private and closed to the public and media although there is usually a public statement or pastoral letter released at the end of each one. The first meeting was held in Ely, England, in 1979. Between 1979 and 1997 meeting were usually held every two years. Between 2000 and 2003 the meetings were held every year. There was an extraordinary Primates Meeting held in London, England, in October 2003. The next “regular” Primates’ Meeting was held in February 2005. The complete list of Primates’ Meeting dates and locations to date is as follows:
|1st||1979 November 26 – December 1|
|2nd||1981, 26 April – May 1||Washington DC, U.S.A.|
|1983 October 15-18||Limuru, Kenya|
|4th||1986 March 12-16||London, Ontario, Canada|
|5th||1989 April 26 – May 8||Larnaca, Cyprus|
|6th||1991 April 8-17||Newcastle (Belfast), Northern Ireland|
|7th||1993 January 16-31** Joint Meeting with Anglican Consultative Council||Cape Town, South Africa|
|8th||1995 March 10-19||Windsor, England|
|9th||1997 March 9-17||Jerusalem|
|[1998 August]||Canterbury, England(Brief meeting following the 1998 Lambeth Conference)|
|10th||2000 March 22-29||Oporto, Portugal|
|11th||2001 March 2-9||Kanuga, North Carolina, U.S.A.|
|12th||2002 April 10-17||Canterbury, England|
|13th||2003 May 19-25||Porto Alegre, Brazil|
|Extraordinary||2003 October 15-16||London, England|
|14th||2005 February 21-26||Dromantine (Newcastle), Northern Ireland|
|15th||2007 February 14-19||Dar es Salaam, Tanzania|
|16th||2009 February 1-5||Alexandria, Egypt|
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