Metropolitans of the Ecclesiastical Province of Canada

To date there have been 22 Metropolitans of the Ecclesiastical Province of Canada.  The Province is the oldest (of four) in the Anglican Church of Canada and was founded in 1861.  The Province of Canada is now comprised of 7 dioceses:  Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island (founded 1737), Quebec (founded 1793), Fredericton (founded 1845), Montreal (founded 1850) and the three dioceses of Newfoundland.  The single diocese of Newfoundland was founded in 1839 but divided in 1976 into three:  Eastern Newfoundland and Labrador, Central Newfoundland and Western Newfoundland.  Metropolitans are elected by provincial synod and are accorded the title of Archbishop (of their diocese) and addressed as “The Most Reverend”.

The Ecclesiastical Province of Canada has a web site which can be accessed for more information.

Metropolitical No. Dates as Metropolitan Name
1st 1861-1868 The Rt. Rev. Francis Fulford (1803-1868)

Bishop of Montreal

(Position of Metropolitan and title of Archbishop not created until 1893)

2nd 1869-1878 The Rt. Rev. Ashton Oxenden (1808-1892)

Bishop of Montreal

(Position of Metropolitan and title of Archbishop not created until 1893)

3rd 1879-1892 The Rt. John Medley (1804-1892)

Bishop of Fredericton

(Position of Metropolitan and title of Archbishop not created until 1893)

4th 1893-1900 The Most Rev. John Travers Lewis (1825-1901)

Archbishop of Ontario

5th 1901-1906 The Most Rev. William Bennett Bond (1815-1906)

Archbishop of Montreal

6th 1907-1909 The Most Rev. Arthur Sweatman (1834-1909)

Archbishop of Toronto

7th 1909-1912 The Most Rev. Charles Hamilton (1834-1919)

Archbishop of Ottawa

(In October 1912 Archbishop Hamilton was elected the first Metropolitan of the new Province of Ontario.  He resigned his position as Metropolitan of Canada to take up his new position in the province of Ontario.  The election of his successor as Metropolitan of Canada did not take place until February 1915.)

8th 1915-1934 The Most Rev. Clarendon Lamb Worrell (1853-1934)

Archbishop of Nova Scotia

9th 1934-1938 The Most Rev. John Andrew Richardson (1868-1938)

Archbishop of Fredericton

10th 1939-1943 The Most Rev. John HacKenley (1877-1943)

Archbishop of Nova Scotia

11th 1944-1960 The Most Rev. Philip Carrington (1893-1975)

Archbishop of Quebec

12th 1960-1962 The Most Rev. John Harkness Dixon (1888-1972)

Archbishop of Montreal

13th 1963-1972 The Most Rev. Alexander Henry O’Neil (1907-1997)

Archbishop of Fredericton

14th 1972-1975 The Most Rev. William Wallace Davis (1908-1987)

Archbishop of Nova Scotia

15th 1975-1980 The Most Rev. Robert Lowder Seaborn (1911-1993)

Archbishop of Newfoundland (later Archbishop of Eastern Newfoundland and Labrador)

16th 1980-1989 The Most Rev. Harold Lee Nutter

Archbishop of Fredericton

17th 1989-1990 The Most Rev. Reginald Hollis

Archbishop of Montreal

18th 1990-1997 The Most Rev. (Sidney) Stewart Payne

Archbishop of Western Newfoundland

19th 1997-2002 The Most Rev. Arthur Gordon Peters

Archbishop of Nova Scotia

20th 2002-2004 The Most Rev. Andrew Sandford Hutchison

Archbishop of Montreal

21st 2004-2009 The Most Rev. (Alexander) Bruce Stavert,

Archbishop of Quebec

22nd 2009- The Most Rev. Claude Weston Miller
Archbishop of Fredericton